Lithium batteries are part of the disposable battery family that contains lithium ions. They are mainly used in products that require a sustainable and reliable power supply. Lithium is believed to be the lightest metal and has the maximum potential for electrochemical activity. Recently, it has become very popular in the world of consumer electronics. Its high light and energy capacities have increased its use in portable electronic devices.
Li-ion rechargeable batteries do not use toxic metals such as cadmium or lead, so they are safe to use. They are the most popular and are widely used in electronic devices such as cell phones, laptops, iPods, etc. Their popularity is due to the many benefits they offer. They are available in two different types, primary and secondary.
The main battery is a battery that must be disposed of when it is completely discharged. Secondary lithium is one that can be refilled several times until it runs out. All of them are the most energetic lithium. They consist of lithium and carbon electrodes. Lithium is the lightest metal, which makes batteries lighter.
The main type of non-rechargeable lithium is mainly used in electronic components that require less power, such as cameras, CD players, toys, watches, etc. Refillable lithium is used in many fields including military, medical, and consumer electronics. Recently, they have become popular in the automotive industry due to their high energy storage capacity.
As a highly reactive element, lithium can store energy in atomic bonds. This property of lithium allows lithium batteries to provide a high energy density. The average lithium battery can store 150 watts of power in 1 kg of battery..